Hypertension and Obesity

Hypertension and ObesityEven after weight loss surgery, you must pay attention to other health conditions such as hypertension and heart disease that may have developed as a result of obesity.

Causes of hypertension

In many people the cause of their hypertension or high blood pressure is never known. This form of hypertension is called essential or primary hypertension.

People who are overweight have an increased risk for developing secondary hypertension or high blood pressure as a result of another condition. Secondary hypertension can be because of your weight, sleep apnea, kidney damage, stress and a host of other factors.

The pressure of blood moving through the arteries is dependent on several hormones. These hormones are manufactured in the kidneys and fat tissues. The diameter of arteries is regulated by these hormones and hence blood pressure, which is regulated by artery diameter among other things, can be changed by these hormones.

In obese individuals excess fat tissue causes an increase in the circulating hormones that can cause high blood pressure.  Additionally, the increased volume of blood needed to supply the tissues in an obese person needs a higher pressure so that it can circulate through the entire body.  Compounding this, damage to the kidneys from high blood sugar levels can interfere with its ability to control blood pressure.

Lifestyle changes to make

There are certain things that are within your control in controlling obesity and hence reducing hypertension. First you can lose weight with the help of weight loss surgery. You also need to regulate the amount of salt in the food as excess sodium contributes to hypertension too. Too much alcohol and caffeine intake can also result in hypertension. So have these in moderation. Meditation and other relaxing therapies can help controlling stress and alleviating hypertension. Smoking is one of the biggest culprits causing hypertension. So if you are a smoker, it is time to give it up.

It’s important to remain on track with weight loss after weight loss surgery to keep existing health conditions in check. Research has shown that health improvements made after bariatric surgery are quickly lost if the weight is allowed to return.